The 5 stages of Sudbury – Graduation Speech

This is a speech delivered by Jesper Jurcenoks (then Chair of the Assembly) at the graduation ceremony in June 2017 at Diablo Valley School in Concord, CA, USA. It was delivered in front of a full auditorium, with students, staff and family members listening. We celebrated the successful graduation of one student.

The 5 stages of Sudbury

Or

How I learned to stop worrying and love Diablo Valley School.

Graduates, you will be leaving the safety of Diablo Valley School to go out into the world. Leaving Diablo Valley School is much like first learning about it. You go through 5 Stages:

1. Denial

Initially learning about Sudbury and DVS triggers these reactions:
That is impossible, there can be no school run by students as young as 5 years old, It can never work.
I, myself, was only 11 years in 1979 when I met a peer in my building who went to a self-directed school. Even today, a lifetime later, I still remember my reaction: That is impossible!, At the time I had just gotten into a “progressive school” after being on the waiting list for 4 years. And I didn’t even dare complete the thought that I could go to such a wonderful sounding school. I basically suppressed the idea. When my father asked me if I wanted to go to such a school I said “No’ – “The evil you know is sometimes more comfortable than the unknown”.

This is “denial” and as I have heard from more than one DVS student there is only one answer: “De’Nile is a river in Egypt”

2. Anger

“That not fair”, why did I have to go compulsory school when Sudbury students can go to a school without tests, homework or having to sit still all day. Why do my children have to do homework?

Then it turns into Spite: That’s not a real school, you will never get a job. The anger is also seen among friends and family. My daughter’s playmates on our street, could not integrate that fact that my daughter didn’t have to do homework and loved school when compared to their own experiences. And they quickly drifted apart.

DVS students are maturing at a higher rate than their peers who are forced into submission. In the end resentment exists towards those who have freedom by those who does not. Sometimes parents at this stage project their anger towards their children. “I know what is best for my child.” and “Look at me, I turned out alright” I certainly hoped that my child would turn out a lot better than just “alright” when I sent her to DVS.

To those parents there is only one thing to say: “Did your child >give consent< to being forced into homework, sitting still 5 hours a day and standardized testing?”

3. Bargaining

A friend of mine who has a daughter who goes to a traditional private school once told me “Your daughter must be really responsible to manage her own time, my daughter could never do that” and I thought “when did you stop believing in your own daughter?”

At this stage new parents start to bargain with their kids: We will let you go to Diablo Valley School if you promise to manage your time responsibly, we expect you to chose to study math on your own, despite all the other kids playing all day.

Family members start to meddle, offering to pay for afterschool programs. At this stage parents at the school start offering to “help out” teaching the parents favorite subject, whatever it might be. The answer is as always: “Thank you, but no thanks, it would not be a student directed school if we try to influence their education”

4. Depression

It starts with Boredom, “I am bored – I have been here for 4 months now and I am bored” Then the depression sets in. Without an adult to tell me what to do I will never be successful, I will live with my parents for the rest of my life. That family member was right when they said i would never go to college.

As parents, this feeling starts to creep in too: “What have I done. did I rob my child of a future.” During this phase Sudbury schools lose students. The Answer is: “it darkest and coldest just before sunrise”

5. Acceptance

You have fully embraced Sudbury life.
As a parent you realize that if your child is
competent enough decide when to eat lunch,
competent enough to mediate conflicts between peers,
competent enough to pick the staff, and
Competent enough make major school decisions,
then she is also competent enough to decide what to eat.
Competent enough to decide what to wear to school
Competent enough to decide when to go to bed.
Competent enough to leave the school during school hours.

At this point as a parent you have drunk the kool-aid, and serene calm settles in. you know that everything will be fine. You know that your child will be more than just “alright”, that in fact your child will be great. There will be no wild goofing off in college, that childish behavior was exercised during childhood where it belongs. There will be no expensive student loan on an unfinished college education. DVS students will go out to be whole people who know what they want and how to achieve it. These are students who can follow their heart and not be fearful of where that will take them. As parents we embrace the fact that our children, like us adults, are in charge of their own lives.

And then the magic happens, as we parent accepts that the student is a full human individual with her own desires, needs and competences to act on those desires and needs, then we as parents stop projecting our own ambitions onto others and we become better at seeing people for who they are and not who we want them to be.

That means we become better parents, and then we become better spouses as well. For those of you who are still on stage 1 to 4 I say this, come join us at stage 5, this is where the fun is.


And then, the 5 stages starts all over again for the student as she prepare to leave the school.

1. Denial

I am sure there has been a point in every DVS students life were they said “I am never leaving this school” – This is denial.

Again the only answer is: “De’Nile is a river in Egypt”

2. Anger

“Why do I have to write a thesis, this is unfair”

A written thesis is no basis on which to judge that a student “has taken the steps necessary to become a responsible adult in the community at large”

The only answer is “You are absolutely right!”

3. Bargaining

Can I do something else than write a thesis in order to get my high school diploma. Can a sing a song, can I make youtube video or a computer game?

The answer is: “Of course you can :-)”

4. Depression

At this point, preparing for the thesis seems like climbing Mount Everest …. from the north side … without oxygen mask.

I will never be done in time … what should I write about … this is not going to be good enough.

The answer: “Don’t worry, you are supported by peers in the school who will help you get your thesis done, and it will be great”

5. Acceptance

Suddenly the thesis begins to come together. The process of making the thesis has caused self-reflection and growth in the student. The thesis defense is seen as a “rite of passage”, something to anticipate with both excitement and a fear. Speaking in front of the entire assembly is scary, and for many students the basic fact that they faced the crowd and survived is proof that they are fully prepared to be a responsible adult in the community at large”

And with these words, dear graduates, I look forward to giving you, your diploma at the end of this Ceremony.

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